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4 Blocks
Grade: 3-5
Subject: 4 Blocks

#1138. Word Wall Activity List

4 Blocks, level: Elementary
Posted Sat Jun 26 08:47:26 PDT 1999 by Sally Olson (olson5@net66.com).
Lincoln School, Monticello, IL USA

Interactive Word Wall

Definition
A word wall is a systematically organized collection of words displayed in
large letters on a wall or other large display place in the classroom. It
is a tool to use, not just display. Word walls are designed to promote
group learning and be shared by a classroom of children.

Goals
*Support the teaching of important general principles about words and
how they work
*Foster reading and writing
*Provide reference support for children during their reading and writing
*Promote independence on the part of young students as they work with
words in writing and reading
*Provide a visual map to help children remember connections between
words and the characteristics that will help them form categories
*Develop a growing core of words that become part of a reading and
writing vocabulary

Guidelines
*Add words gradually, five a week
*Make words very accessible by putting them where every student can see
them, writing them in big, black letters, and using a variety of
background colors so that the most often-confused words(there, their;
what, when) are different colors
*Be selective about what words go on the wall, limiting additions to those
really common words which children use a lot in writing
*Practice those words by chanting and writing them
*Do a variety of review activities to provide enough practice so that
words are read and spelled instantly and automatically
*Make sure that Word Wall words are spelled correctly in any writing
students do

Summary
My Word Wall was used for the 1998-1999 school year in a 2nd grade
classroom with 21, 7 and 8 year old students. Pre-tests and post-tests
were given to measure improvement. Improvement was noted in students
spelling on tests as well as their daily writing. Students also became less
dependent on the Word Wall as the year progressed.


Activity 1
Construction of a Word Wall
Materials
6x3 colored index cards (150) Rubber Cement
Word Processing Program Laminator
Computer Paper Rebecca Sitton Word List
(see appendix 1)
Procedure
1.Using a word processor, type each word on the Frequency Word List using
words 1-150. I used the Helvetica Black font at the size 125.
2.Print, cut out in the configuration of each word, glue to colored index
cards (size 6x3) and laminate. Be sure to use different colors of index
cards for most often-confused words.
3.Choose a location in the room where every student can see all the words.
Put the alphabet headings, A-Z, at the top of the wall or bulletin board.
4.Starting at beginning of list, add 5 words to the Word Wall each week.
Words are place alphabetically on the wall by 1st letter.
5.Do practice and review activities so that words are read and spelled
instantly and automatically.
Sitton, R. (1996). Increasing Student Spelling Achievement. WA: Egger
Publishing

Activity 2
Clap, Chant, Write--Introduction of New Words
Teacher introduces 5 Word Wall words per week by having students:
* see the words
* say the words
* chant the words (snap, clap, stomp, cheer)
* write the words and check them together with the teacher
* trace around the words and check together with the teacher
1. Have the students number a sheet of paper 1-5.
2. Place one of the 5 new word cards in the pocket chart. Say the word,,
use the word in a sentence, have students write the word on their
paper.
Continue with 4 additional words.
3. When all five words have been written, point to the words and have the
students clap and chant the spelling of the words.
4. Students use a red pen, marker or crayon to trace around the
word.
5. On the following days of the week, teacher practices the new Word Wall
words and reviews previous words with practice activities.
Sigmon, C. (1997). 4-Blocks Literacy Model. N.C.: Carson Dellosa Publishing.

Activity 3
Rhyme with the Word Wall
The teacher says a sentence whcih contains a word that rhymes with one of
the Word Wall words and is spelled with the same pattern. Children must
decide which word rhymes and how to spell it.
1.Students number their paper just as they do for Clap, Chant, Write, 1-5
2.The teacher gives the following clues for the lessons words.
Number one begins with a t and rhymes with walk
Student writes talk on paper
Number two begins with an m and rhymes with by
Student writes my on paper
Number three begins with an f and rhymes with end
Student writes friend on paper
Number four begins with a w and rhymes with bear
Student writes wear on paper
Number five begins with a f and rhymes with car
Student writes far on paper
3.To check the answers, teacher says the rhyming word and lets students
say the word they wrote and chant its spelling.
Cunningham, P.M. (1999). The Teacher's Guide to the Four Blocks.
N.C.:Carson-Dellosa.

Activity 4
Review Endings
This activity helps children learn to spell word Wall words which need an
ending.
1.Students number their papers 1-5.
2.Teacher calls a word that can have an ending added to it. Begin with just
one ending for lesson. Then add additional endings in seperate lessons.
Then combine them so that children are listening for all the
endings.
Jumping, The frog is jumping over the log, jumping
Student writes jumping on paper.
3.Ask what word wall word was used with an ending. Say the word and
chant its spelling.
4.Continue in same manner with 4 additional words.
Looking, I am looking at a new book, looking.
Student writes looking on paper.
Called, She called her mom on the phone, called.
Student writes called on paper.
Taking, We are taking a trip to St. Louis, taking.
Student writes taking on paper
Tells, My teacher tells good stories, tells.
Student writes tells on paper.
Cunningham, P.M. (1999). The Teacher's Guide to the Four Blocks.
N.C.:Carson-Dellosa.

Activity 5
Cross-Checking
1. Call out several words that begin with the same letter for students to
write on the front, such as these: went want was what
where
Tell students that they will have to decide which word from the front
makes sense in the sentence.
2. Say a sentence leaving out one of the words.
3. Students decide which word makes sense and write it on paper.
4. Say and spell the word.
5. Do 4 additional sentences.
Cunningham, P.M. (1999). The Teacher's Guide to the Four Blocks.
N.C.:Carson-Dellosa.

Activity 6
Make Sentences
1.Dictate a sentence using several of the word wall words:
Josh will come to my house to play.
2.Students listen as you repeat the whole sentence.
3.Then repeat the sentence one word at a time, giving students plenty of
time to find the words on the word wall and write them.
Remind children to begin sentences with a capital letter. Have days when
you dictate questions and exclamatory sentences. It's fun to use students
names in the sentences. Students also like to dictate sentences using lots
of words from the word wall.
Cunningham, P.M. (1995). Phonics They Use. N.Y.: Harper Collins.

Activity 7
Be a Mind Reader
Be a Mind Reader was a favorite of my class last year. In this game, the
teacher thinks of a word on the wall and then gives five clues to that
word.
1.Have students number their paper 1-5 and tell them that you are going
to see who can read your mind and figure out which of the words on
the board you are thinking of. Tell them you will give them five
clues. By the
fifth clue, everyone should guess your word, but if they read your mind
they might get it before the fifth clue.
2.For your first clue, always give the same clue:
"It's one of the words on the word wall."
3.Students should write next to number one the word they think it might
be.
4. The second clue is:
It has four letters.
5. Student writes word.
6. The third clue is:
It begins with a digraph ph.
7. Student writes word
8. The fourth clue is:
It has a short e vowel sound.
9. Student writes the word.
10. The fifth clue is:
It begins the sentence: ____will lunch be ready? when
11. "I know you all have word next to number 5, what is it? But who has
it next to number 4?, 3?, 2?, 1?" Some students will have read
your mind and will be pleased as punch with themselves?
Do several words in the same manner. As students get familiar with this
activity they like to be the person giving the clues and having their mind
read.
Cunningham, P.M. (1999). The Teacher's Guide to the Four Blocks.
N.C.:Carson-Dellosa.

Activity 8
Ruler Tap
1. Teacher chooses a word from the Word Wall.
2. Say the word, then tap and say several letters in that word but not the
whole word: come, c-o
3. Call on a student to finish speling the word out loud: m-e.
4. If the student correctly finishes spelling the word, that child gets to
call out a word, tap and spell the word and call on another student
to finish.
5. Do several additional words.
Variations of this activity could be, only the teacher having a ruler, all
students having a ruler.
Cunningham, P.M. (1995). Phonics They Use. N.Y.: Harper Collins.

Activity 9
Bingo
You will need photocopies sheets of 9 or 25 blocks (see appendix 2 ).
Students will need objects to cover words.
1. Call on students to pick words from the wall they want included in the
game.
2. As each word is picked, students will write it on their Bingo sheet in
any blank block they choose and you will write it on an idex card.
3. When all students have filled up their sheets you are ready to play.
4. Shuffle your index cards and call the words one at a time.
5. Have students chant the spelling of each word and then cover it with
their object.
6. The first student to have a complete row covered wins Bingo.
7. Students can clear their sheets and play again.
Cunningham, P.M. (1995). Phonics They Use. N.Y.: Harper Collins.

Activity 10
Word Sorts
1. Write 10-15 words on large index cards and place in a pocket chart.
2. Have students write these words on separate smaller cards or papers at
their desks.
3. Have students sort the words into different piles depending on some
features certain words share. Students may sort all words that begin
with a certain sound, have a certain vowel sound, contain a certain
blend or digraph.
Cunningham, P.M. (1995). Phonics They Use. N.Y.: Harper Collins.

Activity 11
Guess the Covered Word
The purpose of this acitivy is to help children practice the important
strategy of cross-checking meaning with letter-sound information.
1. The teacher writes 4 or 5 sentences on board, sentence strips, or
overhead. Cover a word in each sentence with two sticky notes--one
covering the onset, the other covering the rime.
2. Call on a student to read the first sentence.
3. Students make several guesses for the covered word. Teacher writes
the guesses on the board.
4. The teacher takes off the first sticky note that is covering the onset.
5. Guesses that don't begin with that onset are erased and any new
guesses can be added.
6. When all the guesses which fit both the meaning and the onsetare
written, the whole word is revealed.
Cunningham, P.M. (1999). The Teacher's Guide to the Four Blocks.
N.C.:Carson-Dellosa.


Activity 12
Word Work
1. Teacher calls a word wall word, class chants and then writes word in
first box on Word Work sheet (see appendix 3).
2. Continue with 4 additional words.
3. Student uses letter cards/tiles to build the word in the next space on
the Word Work sheet.
4. Student uses a marker to write the word in the last space.
5. Continue with the 4 remaining words.
Fountas, I.C. Pinnell, G.S.: (1998)Word Matters. N.H. Heinimann.

Activity 13
Build/Mix/Fix
1. Teacher calls 5 words from the word wall one at a time. Students chant
and write on paper as teacher writes on board.
2. Teacher directs class to Build the first word with letter tiles/cards at
desk.
3. After all students have the word built, teacher directs class to Mix up
the letters of the word.
4. Students are directed to Fix the word by arranging the letters to spell
the word.
5. Chant the word.
6. Continue with remaining words.
Fountas, I.C. Pinnell, G.S.: (1998)Word Matters. N.H. Heinimann.

Activity 14
Word Search
1. Pass out a copy of the Word Search worksheet to each student (see
appendix 4).
2. Teacher chooses 5 words from the word wall.
3. As teacher calls out word, students chant and write on blank at bottom
of worksheet.
4. When all 5 words have been written, students place each word in the
word search puzzle and add additional letters to fill in the boxes.
5. Trade Word Search puzzles.
6. When each word is found, trace around it with a colored pencil, pen or
marker or use a highlighter to highlight the word found.
Fountas, I.C. Pinnell, G.S.: (1998)Word Matters. N.H. Heinimann.


Activity 15
Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check
1. Take a paper with three or four columns (see appendix 5).
2. Teacher calls out 5 word wall words.
3. Students write the list of words in the first column.
4. Begin with the first word. SAY it and notice parts to remember.
5. LOOK closely at the letters to notice the visual details.
6. COVER the word with a card and think about how the word looks.
7. WRITE the word from memory.
8. Uncover and CHECK it with the word in the first column.
9. Cover and write the word again and check.
10. Do all five words.
Fountas, I.C. Pinnell, G.S.: (1998)Word Matters. N.H. Heinimann.

Activity 16
Flashlight Fun
1. Turn out the lights.
2. Say the poem together with the class:
Flashlight, flashlight, oh so bright,
Shine on a word with your light.
3. Shine the flashlight on individual words for the class to read and chant.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 17
Let's Cheer
1. Choose 5 words from the word wall.
2. Print each letter boldly on paper for each word.
3. Cheerleaders face the class holding the letter papers to spell the word.
4. Call out the first letter of the word.
5. The student holding that letter steps forward and raises the letter
paper as the class says the letter.
6. Continue until the entire word has been spelled.
7. Say the word 3 times in unison.
8. Take turns being cheerleaders and spelling the rest of the words.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 18
Word Fun Center
1. Teacher chooses 5 words from the word wall and writes them on the
board.
2. Divide the students into 6 groups.
3. Each group is given a different center material to spell the words.
*painted lima beans
*letter tiles
*pasta
*letter/object tray
*stencils
*Wikki Sticks
*play-do
*alphabet stamps
*magnetic letters
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 19
Hopscotch
1.Make a hopscotch on the classroom floor with tape, or on the playground
with chalk.
2. Choose a word wall word and write one letter in each box of the
hopscotch and the whole word at the top.
3. Students hop and say each letter to spell the word and the say the word
at the end.
4. Do for additional words.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 20
Wet Words
1. Teacher chooses 5 word wall words.
2. Say word to class and have them chant.
3. Write on individual chalkboard one letter at a time with paintbrush and
water.
4. Continue with additional words.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 21
Word Jar
1. When 5 new word wall words are introduced, write them on a slip of
paper and add to Word Jar.
2. Choose 5 students to pick a word from the jar.
3. One student at a time reads their word, class chants the spelling.
4. Do additional words.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 22
Rainbow Words
1. Pass out paper to each student.
2. Teacher chooses 5 word wall words.
3. As teacher says word, students chant and write on paper with a crayon.
4. Do the same for the additional words.
5. After all the words have been written once with a crayon, students go
back and write each word again with 2 different colors of crayons.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 23
Word Wall Chain
1. Pass out 5 colored strips of paper to each student, size 1x5.
2. Have one student choose a word wall word and everyone writes and
chants that word-- each.
3. Call on another student to find a word wall word that starts with the
last letter of the first word. Students write and chant it--
each-her.
4. Call on additional students to continue finding words that start with
the last letter of the previous word.
5. Glue the strips together to make a chain.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications

Activity 24
Spelling Grid
1. Use the overhead and the Spelling Grid sheet (see appendix 6)
2. Teacher chooses a word from the word wall.
3. Teacher starts writing the word on the grid by writing the first letter
of the word in the first box at the top.
4. Call on student to come up and write the first two letters in the boxes
in the row below.
5. The next student writes the first three letters in the boxes below.
Continue unitl the word has been spelled. Chant it.
Gruber, B. (1998). Instant Word Wall High Frequency Words. CA:Practice &
Learn Right Publications