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Grade: Pre-School
Subject: Language

#1160. Shapes

Language, level: Pre-School
Posted Thu Jul 8 18:49:32 PDT 1999 by Paige Gilbert Galt (pgsophie).
Cartersville Middle School, Cartersville, GA USA
Materials Required: Listed in plan
Activity Time: Listed in plan
Concepts Taught: Science and shapes

SCIENCE LESSON

SUBTOPIC Shapes

LEVEL OF STUDENTS Beginners with experience in colors

SUGGESTED TIME FRAME One lesson of 20 minutes

GENERAL OBJECTIVES Students will be able to differentiate objects based on contrast in physical characteristics such as color, texture, size and shape. Students will also be able to recognize and sort objects by color families.

LANGUAGE NEEDED
el osito de dulce the gummi bear (the bear of candy)
uno one
dos two
tres three
cuatro four
cinco five
seis six
rojo red
anaranjado orange
azul blue
verde green
amarillo yellow
circulo circle
triangulo triangle
cuadrado square

MATERIALS
-One large bag of square caramel candies
-One large bag of Gummi Bears
-Four flash cards depicting the shapes of circles, squares, and triangles
-One large poster with two horizontal columns labeled square, triangle, and circle and five vertical columns each labeled with swatches of the colors red, orange, blue, yellow, and green.

UNDERSTANDING
1) The teacher begins with a review of the colors. The teacher holds up five flash cards colored red, orange, blue, yellow, and green. As the teacher holds each card up the name of the color is announced. The students repeat the colors.
2) The teacher introduces the flash cards showing the shapes and identifies each shape. The children repeat the name of each of the shapes.
3) The teacher introduces the caramels and Gummi Bears which are mixed into one large bowl. The teacher reaches into the bowl and displays a piece of candy that is red and says: Un dulce rojo/ One red candy. The teacher picks up another piece of red candy and says: Dos dulces rojos/Two red candies. The teacher continues this pattern until the number six and then starts over with the another color.
4) The teacher introduces the bowl full of gummy circles, caramels, M&M's and triscuits. The teacher reaches into the bowl and displays a piece of candy that is red and says: Un dulce rojo. The teacher says: Como es? Es rojo y es un circulo. The teacher repeats this activity with each shape of candy.
5) The teacher then pulls out a square candy and says: Es un circulo? The students will reply with yes/no answers. The activity continues until each shape has been identified twice.
6) The teacher now places a paper towel in front of each child and notes that it is a square. The teacher places a handful of the candy mix on each child's paper towel and asks the children to divide the candy by color, then by shape.

Categorizing:
1. Hold up gummy ring and state: Es grande.
2. Hold up a M&M and state: Es pequeno.
3. While holding up both state: El dulce es mas grande que el M&M.
4. Repeat the activity using the phrase: Es mas pequeno que. . .

Manipulation:
1. the children make a shape person by cutting out shapes that are used to represent the body of a person.
2. The children may make a shape book: My Shape Book
3. The children will put puzzle together that is based on shapes used to form pictures.

Extra Activities:
1. Make fruit loop necklace
2. Memory using shapes