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Grade: Elementary
Subject: Phys Ed

#1840. Water Safety

Phys Ed, level: Elementary
Posted Wed Jul 5 10:30:13 PDT 2000 by Celeste Johnston (celeste28@hotmail.com).
Indiana University of PA, Indiana, PA USA
Activity Time: 1hr25min
Concepts Taught: Teaching the prevention of injury in a dangerous water situation

Rationale

This is a conprehensive lesson plan that would be contained in a health and physical eduaction unit. The main empahis is personal safety in the summer months as more swimming occurs at this time. The learners will take part in activities that will ensure their own safety in case of an emergency, while also learning new swimming skills.

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Learner Analysis


Demographic Information

The students that are a part of this lesson are all in third grade. The ages range from 8 to 9. The are of multicultural backgrounds. There are 35 students, sixteen of which are girls and nineteen of which are boys. Majority of the children come from lower to middle class background with a minority coming from an upper class background. All students live within five miles of the school, and are buses.
The school contains grade levels from K-3. It is located twenty minutes north of Pittsburgh, and is demographically considered to be an old manufacturing town. The population, since the move of ALCOA, now consists of small businesses, and blue collar workers.



Topic Specific Characteristics
The students are all of average intelligence. Based on testing, their reading, writing, and math skills fall at the third grade level. They are all enthusiastic learners that require allot of hands on work. They do well when working in groups on cumulative projects. Most of them have college based aspirations, and would be first to attend college in their families.


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Objectives
Upon the completion of the the unit on water safety, the students should be able to recoginize a dangerous situation or hazard, recall the general emergency procedures, and preform out of pool rescues in case of an emergancy with 100% accuracy.


Specifically they will be able to:
 Recognize whether a situation that is given verbally or visually is dangerous, and be able to explain why.
 Verbally recall Emergency procedures in order.
 Preform throwing and reaching assists without indangering themselves.





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Objectives
Upon the completion of the the unit on water safety, the students should be able to recoginize a dangerous situation or hazard, recall the general emergency procedures, and preform out of pool rescues in case of an emergancy with 100% accuracy.


Specifically they will be able to:
 Recognize whether a situation that is given verbally or visually is dangerous, and be able to explain why.
 Verbally recall Emergency procedures in order.
 Preform throwing and reaching assists without indangering themselves.





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Lesson Activities
1hr25min

10 minutes Before arrival at pool: Go over basic rules presented in the form of Power Point. Each rule will be discussed and the reasons for instatement will be given.
10 minutes Introductions of lifeguards and pool tour to be given by lifeguards. This is where the children will be able to locate and identify all areas of the pool, including places that problems could occur.
5 minutes Review of rules. The lifeguards put the earlier discussed rules into a situation context.
20 minutes Discussion of emergency action plan. This is what to do in case of an emergency. The children will be taught how to get someone actively drowning out of the water without endangering themselves. Reaching and throwing assists will be taught along with how to contact an emergency professional, and what to tell them. They will each be able to try this.
15 minutes Basic swimming skills will be demonstrated, and the children will be able to try this with assistance if need. Floating, treading, and basic free style will be gone over.
10 minutes There will be a free swim.
10 minutes Shower/dry off time.
5 minutes Return to bus then return to school.
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Notes
In the upcoming summer months it is important for children to be able to prevent injures by recognizing a dangerous situation.
It is important to:
1. Only swim where swimming is permitted.
2. Only swim where a lifeguard is present ore if ti is "Swim at your own risk" be accompanies by an adult or guardian.
3. Be aware of how deep the water is.
4. Do not dive into shallow water.
5. Always walk.
6. listen to the lifeguard on duty.
7. Not any other rules specific to the pool.

In recognizing a dangerous situation:
1. One must see if the victim is actively or passively drowning.
-Actively drowning looks like the person is splashing or calling for help in some way.
-Passively drowning looks like the person is not moving at all. The could be floating face down or at the bottom.
2. If a person in active, perform a reaching or throwing assist with any object that floats.
3. If the person is passive, call EMS. NO ONE UNTRAINED SHOULD EVER GET IN AFTER A VICTIM. This is putting yourself in danger.
By following theses steps, you are insuring your own safety.
Below are some helpful links:
http://www.watersafety.vic.gov.au/dir066/watersafetysite.nsf/pages/waterhomehttp://www.watersafety.vic.gov.au/dir066/watersafetysite.nsf/pages/waterhome
www.onlinesports.com/pages/l,HK-LYMC5001.htm
www.safetyape.com

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