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Grade: Senior
Subject: Health

#2745. Rescue Procedures: CPR and First Aid

Health, level: Senior
Posted Wed Dec 4 10:48:21 PST 2002 by J. Schnepel (jill-schnepel@utulsa.edu).
Graduate Student at The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK USA
Materials Required: American Red Cross Manual and Videos, Mannequins, first aid supplies
Activity Time: Approxiametly an eight week unit
Concepts Taught: To help students gain knowledge needed to perform CPR and First Aid


Rescue Procedures
First Aid, and CPR Curriculum
High School Level
Approximately an eight week unit, with class meeting three times a week.


Objective (Targeted Understanding)

 To help students gain knowledge needed to perform CPR and First-Aid, while understanding the importance of demonstrations and other health and safety issues.

Enduring Knowledge
The student will be able to.....
Identify guidelines for minimizing risk of accidental death/injury
Communicate information related to health and safety
Demonstrate and perform basic first-aid
Describe the importance of CPR as first response
Demonstrate and perform CPR

To help students know where they are going and what is expected of them they will receive the course objectives as well as an outline for unit at beginning of unit. Students will also receive rubrics for evaluation prior to assessment.

Essential Questions
1. When is safety an issue?
2. What types of things are harmful to your health?
3. How can health risks be reduced?
4. How do health and safety issues relate to emergency issues?
5. How do you use decision making in dealing with health and safety?

Unit 1-one week
Minimizing Risk of Injury
Unit questions
What are the first aid and safety guidelines?
What are some risks to yourself and others, and how can they be reduced?

Unit 1 Learning Activity
Unit one will include video use as well as manual use to review guidelines about first aid and safety. Reducing risk of injury will be primary focus.

Unit 1 Assessment
First aid kit activity-students will be asked to pick 20 items off of list of 40 or so items to put in first aid kit. Students must put an explanation with each item on why it is necessary to the kit and what it would be used for.
Written quiz-reviewing facts of guidelines about first aid and safety.

Unit 2-One week
Health & Safety
Important Information
Unit questions
What information is important to note when first coming to the scene of an accident?
What information would need to be reported, and to whom would you report it?

Unit 2 Learning Activity
Unit two will also include videos as well as printed material. In Unit 2 important information regarding what to do when coming onto the scene of an accident and what to do in case of an emergency will be studied. Who to call when you come upon an emergency and what information is needed will be studied.

Unit 2 Assessment
Emergency phone number list-phone numbers that would be necessary in case of emergency such as fire, ambulance, poison control, emergency contact, and directions to house will be compiled for each student on his or her own and ready to be put by their phone.
Emergency scenario exercise-students will get in groups and act out emergency and what to do when first one on scene, and what actions would be taken.

Unit 3-Two weeks
First-Aid Procedures
Unit questions
What are some first aid skills used to control different emergency situations?
What supplies are needed, or could be used to help in treating those injuries?

Unit 3 Learning Activity
Unit 3 will include a lot of hands on activities on how to treat different injuries. Videos will be watched, and procedures will be practiced. First aid procedures for injuries such as wounds, bites & stings, shock, broken bones, severe bleeding, & poisoning will be studied.

Unit 3 Assessment
First aid practical skill check off

Unit 4-One week
Importance of CPR
as First Response
Unit questions
What is the Good Samaritan Law?
What is the importance of timely response of CPR in an emergency?

Unit 4 Learning Activity
Students will have chance to listen to EMT, school nurse, and other first hand accounts of what it is like to be the first responder and their experiences. Students will learn the importance of the first responder as a link in the chain of command in treating emergency situations.

Unit 4 Assessment
Reaction paper to guest speakers


Unit 5-Two weeks
CPR Procedures
Unit questions
What are the steps of infant, child, and adult CPR?
What are the steps of conscious and unconscious choking for infant, child, and adult?
What are the steps for rescue breathing for infant, child, and adult?

Unit 5 Learning Activity
Students will watch videos and demonstrations and then practice on mannequins procedures needed for CPR, choking, and rescue breathing.

Unit 5 Assessment
Ability to demonstrate infant, child, and adult CPR
Ability to demonstrate conscious and unconscious chocking for infant, child and adult
Ability to demonstrate Rescue breathing for infant, child, and adult


Final assessment-at conclusion of unit with one week to work on revising and practice
Students will have three final procedures.
Written map (flow chart) of infant, child, and adult rescue breathing, choking, and CPR. This activity will be an accumulation of work done throughout the unit. Students will have a chance to work on activity in class, get feedback and then turn in at end of unit.
American Red Cross written test. This will be a pen and paper test in which students will have a chance to get certified by American Red Cross if receive an 80% or better, as well as receiving final test grade for unit.
Final rescue procedure demonstration. Students will be asked at random to perform demonstration of one practical skill, one that had been previously practiced in class.

Student self assessment
Students will have a chance to practice their skills so they know what they need to work on, study, revise, or refine. Students can evaluate their own work and have a chance to revise or refine before turning in for final evaluation. Two specific activities include:
Simulation exercise on computer in which students will answer questions and gets feedback at the end on what was correct and/or incorrect
Practice CPR and first aid skills in class on mannequins in which students get to go through step by step procedures to help students grasp ideas as well as refine skills

Peer Assessment
Students will also be evaluated by others in classroom, by either group work, or by feedback from the instructor.
Feedback from groups and instructor on in-class practice
Turn in CPR step by step map to be assessed and will then have chance to revise before final evaluation

Project Evaluation Criteria

Two different rubrics will be used for evaluation.
Rubric one will be used for all practical skills evaluations, and emergency situation activity
Rubric two will be used for first aid kit activity, reaction paper, and map (flow chart)
Quiz and final test will be graded on grade scale

See Attached Rubrics

RUBRIC #1
Curriculum Integration
Final Assessment and Criteria Evaluation (Rubric)


Health and Safety
Unit: First Aid and CPR
Level: High School

Demonstration of skills will be evaluated based on following Rubric.
Skills will include CPR, Rescue Breathing, First Aid Skills, and Unconscious and Conscious Choking
Emergency Situation Activity will also be based on this Rubric.

Criteria

20 Student demonstrates tasks with great efficiency, accuracy, and skill. Masterful, very proficient, excellent.

15 Student demonstrates tasks with efficiency, accuracy, and skill. Proficient and adequate.

10 Student is aware of tasks, however does not perform with accuracy, skill or efficiency. Not proficient, needs work.
5 Student is unaware of tasks asked to perform
0 Demonstration of Skills Not Performed


Efficiency-ability to perform the component with a minimum of effort or waste
Accuracy-ability to perform the component carefully without mistakes or errors
Skill-ability to perform the component with expertise, judgment and knowledge.


RUBRIC #2
Curriculum Integration
Final Assessment and Criteria Evaluation (Rubric)


Health and Safety
Unit: First Aid and CPR
Level: High School

This Rubric will be used for all other activities, including first aid kit activity,
reaction paper, and map (flow chart)

10 Superior Work! Project is well organized, easy to follow, and complete. Shows superior effort and was well thought out.

8 Excellent Work! Fairly well organized, and for the most part easy to follow. Good quality and shows excellent effort.
6 Average Work! Organized for the most part, some portions unclear. Parts hard to follow. Shows good effort with adequate quality.
4 Poor work. Unorganized and incomplete. Difficult to follow, shows little effort.
2 Unacceptable work. Incomplete, and inadequate, no effort.
0 No work submitted.