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Grade: Elementary

#3601. Consonant/Vowel Patterns

Reading/Writing, level: Elementary
Posted Thu Dec 8 00:06:16 PST 2005 by Ms. Ratchford (
Huntsville, Texas
Materials Required: any story
Activity Time: 20-30 minutes
Concepts Taught: consonants and vowels

Mini-Grammar Lesson

Teacher: Mrs. Ratchford Grade Level: First

Consonants vs. Vowels

Objective: For the students to be able to identify if a letter is a consonant or a vowel in different words of different text. Also, for the student to be able to apply their knowledge on consonants, vowels, and ys.

TEKs: 7A-name and identify each letter of the alphabet, 7C- learn and apply letter-sound correspondences of a set of consonants and vowels to begin to read, 7D- learn and apply the most common letter-sound correspondences, including the sounds represented by single letters (consonants and vowels)

Introduce lesson: I will first introduce my lesson by reading a story that has words of different lengths, and different vowel/consonant patterns. Harry the Dirty Dog by Gene Zion is a great story with the correct kinds of words needed for this lesson.

Instruction: After finishing and discussing the story, I will ask the students to raise their hands and give me one vowel. I will continue calling on the students until all the vowels are written on the board. At this time I will explain how the letter y can sometimes be a vowel and a consonant. I will explain that we are going to be identifying letters in words as consonants or vowels by writing the word on the board and writing a c or v underneath it. If there is a y at the end of the word, since it can be both, we will just write the y. The first word I will do with the students will be dog, we will do this word as a class as well as Harry. If the students seem to be lost we will continue doing words as a class, if not I will write one word at a time up on the board and call on students to come up and write the c v word pattern. I will have pre-selected words from the text before I started teaching the lesson, so I would not have words of the same pattern or length. To make sure my students fully understand, I will play a game with them. I will choose a student to stand up, pick a word the whole class will know and then choose another student to tell the c v word pattern. This will go on until every student has at least one chance.

Closure: I will complete my lesson by asking for any questions or comments that they might have. If no one has any questions I will pass out their homework that goes over consonant vs. vowels.

Next Lesson: For my next lesson over this, I will teach the students how to know when y is a vowel and when it is a consonant. Then we will do a lesson with words that have ys in the beginning, middle and end.