Teacher: Mrs. Ratchford Grade Level: First
Consonants vs. Vowels
Objective: For the students to be able to identify if a letter is a consonant or a vowel in different words of different text. Also, for the student to be able to apply their knowledge on consonants, vowels, and y’s.
TEKs: 7A-name and identify each letter of the alphabet, 7C- learn and apply letter-sound correspondences of a set of consonants and vowels to begin to read, 7D- learn and apply the most common letter-sound correspondences, including the sounds represented by single letters (consonants and vowels)
Introduce lesson: I will first introduce my lesson by reading a story that has words of different lengths, and different vowel/consonant patterns. Harry the Dirty Dog by Gene Zion is a great story with the correct kinds of words needed for this lesson.
Instruction: After finishing and discussing the story, I will ask the students to raise their hands and give me one vowel. I will continue calling on the students until all the vowels are written on the board. At this time I will explain how the letter “y” can sometimes be a vowel and a consonant. I will explain that we are going to be identifying letters in words as consonants or vowels by writing the word on the board and writing a “c” or “v” underneath it. If there is a “y” at the end of the word, since it can be both, we will just write the “y.” The first word I will do with the students will be “dog,” we will do this word as a class as well as “Harry.” If the students seem to be lost we will continue doing words as a class, if not I will write one word at a time up on the board and call on students to come up and write the “c” “v” word pattern. I will have pre-selected words from the text before I started teaching the lesson, so I would not have words of the same pattern or length. To make sure my students fully understand, I will play a game with them. I will choose a student to stand up, pick a word the whole class will know and then choose another student to tell the “c” “v” word pattern. This will go on until every student has at least one chance.
Closure: I will complete my lesson by asking for any questions or comments that they might have. If no one has any questions I will pass out their homework that goes over consonant vs. vowels.
Next Lesson: For my next lesson over this, I will teach the students how to know when “y” is a vowel and when it is a consonant. Then we will do a lesson with words that have y’s in the beginning, middle and end.