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Grade: Elementary

#4011. Power Statements: Topic Sentences

Reading/Writing, level: Elementary
Posted Tue Jun 5 10:53:29 PDT 2007 by Dana LaQuay (danalaquay@yahoo.com).
American School of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Materials Required: Overhead, colored vis-a-vis markers, paper, pencils
Activity Time: 45 minutes
Concepts Taught: How to write a strong topic sentence in an expository paragraph or essay.

This plan is adapted from “Step Up to Writing”

Objective: Students will write power statements as topic sentences for a paragraph or an essay.

MODEL for your students: Read aloud the following 10 sentences while asking the questions and circling the number word, and underlining the topic to clearly demonstrate power statements for your students.

Give your students a list of helpful number words used in power statements.

Helpful words for creating a power statement:
Two, three, four, several, a number of, a couple, some, a few, many

Example Sentences:

1. On Saturdays I enjoy watching several cartoons.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
2. In the American School of Warsaw children follow three rules.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
3. Third graders went on four field trips this year.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
4. When I go shopping at the mall, I always buy a new item of clothing from one of my four favorite stores.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
5. The book Wayside School is Falling Down describes many crazy adventures in Ms. Jewel’s class.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it)
6. I enjoy four different computer games.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
7. Tourists traveling to Poland will want to visit a number of important monuments.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
8. We learned several important skills in third grade this year.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it)
9. Field Day is fun, two really exciting events happen.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)
10. Rocks are formed in three different ways.
(What’s the number word? Circle it.)
(What’s the topic? What are they going to talk about? Underline it.)


Work together with your students:
Who likes recess? We’ll we’re going to make a topic sentence about what we like to do during our recess time.

Give a BAD example sentence:
There are many things we can do at recess.
(What’s wrong with this sentence?)
(What could we change to make this sentence more interesting and grab your attention?)

CROSS OUT “There are”
-Use a who, what, where, when statement…not “There are…”
-Make a who, what, when, where statement examples.

CROSS OUT “Things” (WORD CHOICE)
-what words could we use instead of “thing?”
-activities, games, sports

Topic = Recess

Who? Third graders play many games at recess.

What? Many games are fun to play at recess.
Soccer, baseball, and tetherball are some of my favorite activities during recess.

Where? On the playground, we enjoy playing many games during recess.

When? During recess, wee play many games.


YOU DO:
Topic = Summer Vacation

Who? My family and I are going to enjoy several

What?

Where?

When?

*We review together. Read your sentences….


Topic = Movies

Who?

What?

Where?

When?

*We review together. Read your sentences…


Topic = Friends

Who?

What?

Where?

When?


Topic = Homework

Who?

What?

Where?

When?


Topic = Holidays

Who?

What?

Where?

When?

Closure: You have all written several really strong topic sentences! Now you can choose your favorite topic and topic sentence and change it into an topic equal planning outline for a paragraph.