Poetry concepts: couplet, rhyme, quatrains, odes.
Lesson Plan Dec 18, 2012
6th grade Language Arts
Skill or concept: Introduce students to the following aspects of poetry: couplet, rhyme, quatrains. Introduce students to the Ode.
Lesson Objective: Students will understand the following terms as they relate to poetry: couplet, rhyme, quatrain. They will demonstrate their ability to write rhyming couplets. They will be able to scan a rhyming poems made up of couplets and quatrains. Students will also understand what an Ode is.
Warm-up: a short grammar/spelling/editing exercise, to get students focused on Language Arts.
Introduction: Tell students this lesson will be about poetry. Ask what they’ve already learned about poetry this year. Share why I love poetry: detailed sensory descriptions, selection of just the right word(s), short, fun. Tell them we will be focusing on rhyming poetry today. Explain how this is distinct from free-verse.
Instruction: Ask if any students know what a couplet is. Show “Couplet: The Smart Two-Liners” on the doc camera. Discuss Blake’s “Three Things to Remember.”
Check for understanding: Distribute “Couplets” sheet. Have students complete two set-up couplets toward the top. Students to share their couplets. Ask students to write three more couplets on this worksheet, and again share with their peers.
Instruction: Go back to “Three Things to Remember”. Demonstrate scanning the rhyming scheme of this poem.
Checking for understanding: Have a student read the poem “Homework”. Ask students to scan this poem. Have a student volunteer to show their scan on the poem copy, using doc camera.
Instruction: Ask students if they know, or can figure out, what a quatrain is. Point out latin root quat. Show: “Quatrains – Fancy Four-Liners”.
Check for understanding: Ask for volunteers to scan these quatrains.
Instruction: Divide students into teams of between 4 and 8 (I’ll adjust depending on the desk scheme in the classroom.) Show “Rhyme Relay” on document camera and explain what students are to do: create an 8 line rhyming poem as a team.
Check for understanding: distribute one sheet to person #1 of each team. Monitor as students complete one line, then pass the paper on for a team mate to complete the next line. Wait for most teams to complete 8 line poem. Ask students to share their creations. Check that rhyming scheme is as specified in the assignment.
Additional work, if there is time:
Instruction: Ask students if they know what an Ode is. Display definition of Ode on doc camera. Share my two examples of Odes: Ode to Pizza, Ode to Chocolate. Assure that students recognize that Ode to Pizza is made up of quatrains. Ask for student volunteer to scan Ode to Pizza. As time permits, share other Odes.
Check for understanding: Ask students to try writing an Ode (a good homework exercise, but I won’t give it for homework.
California Teaching Standards:
Reading: Key Ideas and Details. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Reading: Craft and Structure. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, plot.
Writing: Range of Writing. Write routinely over … shorter time frames (a single setting or a day or two) for a range of specific tasks, purposes and audiences.
Speaking and Listening: Comprehension and Collaboration. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.