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    Re: I passed the Praxis II Art Content Knowledge Test

    I studied the information from these posts & Mona Lisa & Book of Lists. There
    were questions from here as well as different ones. Here are some of the
    questions I remember from my praxis 2 exam that were not previously posted:

    One about WIlliam Blake One about Thomas Gainsborough Column of Trajan-
    continuous frieze dry brush technique Poussin's Arcadian Shepherds (what it is
    about & importance) foreshortening question who was influence by Japanese
    prints: Degas & Cassatt

    Sorry I can't remember more. Hopefully this will help with your studies!

    On 6/13/09, Cwest004 wrote:
    > 1. leading 1960’s pop artist?
    > Rothgo, Pollock, Leicenstein.
    > 2. Surrealist known for strange juxtaposition and use of scale?
    > 3. Who built the temple in Tikrit?
    > Azteks, Incas, O
    > 4. Doric vs. Corinthian temple
    > 5. What is value in terms of color
    > 6. design elements vs. design principles
    > 7. Women known for mother daughter art
    > 8. Guy who coined the phrase, “the ………….. moment” to make what a fine
    > art?
    > Photojournalism, advertising, intallation art,
    > 9. Holy Trinity, Question about what type of symmetry
    > 10. Bronze dancing deity, “what is her symmetry?”
    > 11. Head sculpture by Gonzales, which is Not true
    > Use of metal to show bulk and mass, use of negative and positive space,
    > curves and lines interacting,
    > 12. Girl with flower hat by Rodin, what type of sculpture, “Cast
    > concrete, modeling,
    > 13. Stoneware which is true?
    > . a. Stonewear won’t hold water
    > b. Stone wear is a fine white clay,
    > c. Stonewear won’t accept certain types of glaze
    > d. Stonewear fires at a higher temp than terra cotta
    > 14. What would you mix with acrylic paint to make a glaze?
    > Gel medium,………
    > On 6/11/09, Maria Palmer wrote:
    >> Did anyone answer about what happened to the link with the study guide? I
    >> can't find it either. If you know, please post a reply.
    >> Thanks!
    >> On 5/12/09, fmylife wrote:
    >>> what happened to that link with all the study questions remembered
    >>> from the actual test??! it says the document isnt available anymore?
    >>> On 2/11/09, Barber wrote:
    >>>> I'm only writing to give back ( I promised myself that if I passed
    >>>> I would find the time). For I found a little more than no study
    >>>> material for the GACE Art Content I and II. However, the list from
    >>>> this site I study in conjunction with rereading Garner's Art
    >>>> history book. I will say this Art Content II had a couple of ?s
    >>>> about "aboriginal art". Garner's art history book goes over this
    >>>> at the end the book (do not fail to understand the significance of
    >>>> other culture's art and art practices).
    >>>> Without further delay here is the list I studied in addition to
    >>>> Garner's Art History book and excluding the list of artist at the
    >>>> end.
    >>>> **note** do not simply study "The List" but go further and
    >>>> understand the answers and how it relate to the questions and such.
    >>>> God Bless and God speed!!
    >>>> Ceramic Terminology Sgraffito-a form of decoration made by
    >>>> scratching through a surface to reveal a lower layer of a
    >>>> contrasting color.
    >>>> Wedging- is a process similar to kneading dough, it loosens the
    >>>> clay circulating its moisture throughout.
    >>>> Scoring- Process of incising shallow grooves into surface of wet or
    >>>> leather hard clay in cross-hatch pattern before applying slurry and
    >>>> joining pieces.
    >>>> INSULATING FIREBRICK; IFB; SOFTBRICK: Porous firebrick with
    >>>> insulating values much higher than hardbrick.
    >>>> HARDBRICK: Hard, dense firebrick generally used only in
    >>>> high-stress areas of kiln (floor, burner ports, flues, bagwall) and
    >>>> for corrosive firing processes (salt, soda, wood).
    >>>> FIRE CLAY: Highly refractory secondary clays with minimal fluxes
    >>>> and usually fairly coarse particle size - Low shrinkage,
    >>>> buff-color, often non-plastic.
    >>>> Greenware: Air-dry unfired clay
    >>>> of_ceramic_terminology.htm
    >>>> Printmaking Plastalina – What kind of harmful substance does it
    >>>> have in it?----sulfur
    >>>> intaglio- a steel needle for engraving on a bare copper plate
    >>>> without acid
    >>>> aquatint- a print resembling a watercolor, produced from a copper
    >>>> plate etched with nitric
    >>>> Photogravure- an image produced from a photographic negative
    >>>> transferred to a metal plate and etched in.
    >>>> Dry Point- a steel needle for engraving on a bare copper plate
    >>>> without acid. Photography Aperture- is a circle-shaped opening in a
    >>>> lens (a hole, really) through which light passes to strike the
    >>>> film. The size of the aperture is expressed as an f-number, like
    >>>> f/8 or f/11.
    >>>> DAGUERROTYPE - An obsolete photographic process in which a picture
    >>>> made on a silver surface is sensitized with iodine; and developed
    >>>> by exposure to mercury vapor.
    >>>> Depth of Field- The distance between the nearest and furthest
    >>>> objects in a photograph that are considered to be acceptably sharp.
    >>>> Shutter Speed- Controls the duration of an exposure - the faster
    >>>> the Shutter speed, the shorter the exposure time.
    >>>> Film Speed- A measurement of film’s sensitivity to light. More
    >>>> sensitive (faster) films have higher ISO numbers and require less
    >>>> exposure in order to make a properly-exposed picture.
    >>>> Painting Terminology
    >>>> Encaustic- A method of painting, which uses pigments melted with
    >>>> wax and fixed or fused to the painting surface with heat.
    >>>> Paint Extender- product that extends the drying time, and paint.
    >>>> “Fat over lean”- The principle in oil painting that suggests each
    >>>> layer of paint should contain more oil than the one beneath.
    >>>> Awareness of this concept helps ensure permanence.
    >>>> Rabbit Skin Glue – is the traditional size for fabric support on
    >>>> panels. It seals porous fabric and isolates it from ground or oil
    >>>> paints.
    >>>> Frottage-meaning to rub a crayon or other tool onto paper or other
    >>>> material, which is placed onto a textured surface, in order to
    >>>> create the texture of that surface on the paper.
    >>>> Sfumato-Italian term meaning smoke, describing a very delicate
    >>>> gradation of light and shade in the modeling of figures; often
    >>>> ascribed to Da Vinci's work.
    >>>> Chiaroscuro-an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by
    >>>> light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something.
    >>>> Isocephaly- having the heads of all figures on approximately the
    >>>> same level.
    >>>> Atmospheric/Aerial perspective- in art, the perception of depth in
    >>>> nature as enhanced by haze in the atmosphere; how the appearance of
    >>>> objects is altered over distance by the effects of the air between
    >>>> the viewer and the object
    >>>> CMYK- Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (blacK). The CMYK system is used
    >>>> for printing. For mixing of pigments, it is better to use the
    >>>> secondary colours, since they mix subtractively instead of
    >>>> additively.
    >>>> Croquis- to make a quick sketch.
    >>>> Sculpture Terminology
    >>>> Assemblage- A type of modern sculpture consisting of combining
    >>>> multiple objects or forms, often 'found' objects.
    >>>> Kinetic art- art, as sculptural constructions, having movable parts
    >>>> activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means.
    >>>> Armature- a skeletal framework built as a support on which a clay,
    >>>> wax, or plaster figure is constructed.
    >>>> Tessera- one of the small pieces used in mosaic work.
    >>>> Esquisse- The first sketch of a picture or model of a statue.
    >>>> --QUESTIONS--
    >>>> What is bad if placed in an acid bath? Wood
    >>>> Two secondary colors mixed together? Brown
    >>>> What is the difference between watercolor and gouache? WC is
    >>>> transparent. Gouache is opaque.
    >>>> Camera Obscura Is an optical device used, for example, in drawing
    >>>> or for entertainment. It is one of the inventions leading to
    >>>> photography. What artist used this? Jan Vermeer, Canaletto, Guardi,
    >>>> and Paulul Sandby
    >>>> Egg Tempera – What period was this used? Egg tempera painting is
    >>>> second oldest medium after encaustic. It was used by the ancient
    >>>> Egyptians and Greeks and perfected by the icon painters during the
    >>>> last 100 years of the old Byzantine Empire (400 AD-1202 AD).
    >>>> 1. Sculpture is what kind of process – Addition or subtraction plus
    >>>> two others.
    >>>> 2. Who designed the Barcelona chair –Mies Van der Rohe (and Lilly
    >>>> Reich).
    >>>> 3. Here is a list of tools fine pliers, some others - Jewelry work
    >>>> 4. The difference between tapestry and embroidering? Tapestry-
    >>>> were woven wall hangings. Embroidery-the art of working raised and
    >>>> ornamental designs in threads of silk, cotton, gold, silver, or
    >>>> other material, upon any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a
    >>>> needle.
    >>>> 5. If you mat a picture and don’t do some what will happen to the
    >>>> painting? – Think acid leach through.
    >>>> 6. When using a hand saw what safety should you use – Safety
    >>>> glasses 7. What area was characterized by these words – Heroic,
    >>>> Turbulent, and poetic –Romantic Era
    >>>> 8. What was the use of stain glass in a cathedral – it’s was a
    >>>> luxury item, and used by the Early Christian artist for allegorical
    >>>> purposes.
    >>>> 9. What was the golden section in architecture? a ratio between two
    >>>> portions of a line in which the lesser of the two is to the greater
    >>>> as the greater is to the sum of both. Ancient Egyptian and Grecian
    >>>> proportions still used today.
    >>>> 10. 4,000 B.C. People used what type of architecture to build –
    >>>> think Lentil
    >>>> 11. Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie house was influenced by what style?
    >>>> Japanese art and buildings
    >>>> 12. Who is created with the first bronze statue since roman times
    >>>> –Think Donatello-his “David”, free standing statue
    >>>> 13. Hardness of pencils 4b to 6B medium hard or medium, or hard - ?
    >>>> 14. What type of art/painting needs to be covered in glass or
    >>>> sprayed – pastel
    >>>> 15. Acrylic paint was used in some type of printing one water or
    >>>> oil. Water
    >>>> 16. Why do you wedge the clay? To loosen clay and circulate the
    >>>> moisture throughout. Think to remove the air
    >>>> 17. Who was known for painting large portraits of friends? David
    >>>> Hockney?
    >>>> 18. What would not be seen in a typical western water color? A
    >>>> black line
    >>>> 19. Why did the arts and crafts movement start in English
    >>>> education? (mid 1800s) as a reaction against the mass-produced
    >>>> goods of the Industrial Revolution
    >>>> 20. Mexican Diego Rivera was Know for painting what? Social murals
    >>>> 21. Early Greece statues were what – standing, facing forward and
    >>>> stiff
    >>>> 22. Appropriation art what is it? As the term suggests,
    >>>> appropriation art borrows common images from advertising, the mass
    >>>> media and elsewhere, places them in new contexts
    >>>> 23. Question on a painter Named? (Williams) use of light. Either
    >>>> Vermeer of Caravaggio
    >>>> 24. Paintings in the review book to have answered
    >>>> 25. Donkey and a man, -Black preacher, -Violin in center with
    >>>> yellow background, Japanese boy,- “giant fish” Indian looking ,
    >>>> vase with fruit -Picture of a French face in plaster -African wood
    >>>> craving, Spirit spouse sculpture.
    >>>> 26. What can be added to a plaster Paris to reduce density? Sand or
    >>>> pumice think pumice
    >>>> 27. What is the slip in ceramics? It’s a mold
    >>>> 28. The building of what palace was the start of Baroque?
    >>>> Versailles
    >>>> 29. What is ceramic glaze made from? Oxides held in a glass matrix.
    >>>> Glass
    >>>> 30. What invention allowed the Romans to build large space? Cement
    >>>> 31. What is film speed? A measurement of film’s sensitivity to
    >>>> light.
    >>>> 32. The dramatic moment with said by who and help make what art –
    >>>> Think photo journalism
    >>>> 33. Benin sculpture is in what medium? Think wood and bronze
    >>>> 34. What are color fields and what artist? Color Field
    >>>> painting is a style of abstract painting in which dominates form
    >>>> and texture. * Helen Frankenthaler *Mark Rothko * Clyford Still
    >>>> * Sam Gilliam
    >>>> 35. Islamic art is small why? Possibly due to the warring time that
    >>>> took place during the reign of Muslim religion. Art, although
    >>>> appreciated, was carry with and adorn such items as books and
    >>>> purses.
    >>>> 36. Mexican murals painted in what theme? Social Realism
    >>>> 37. Motif- a dominant idea or central theme
    >>>> 38. Crayons resistant to what? Water
    >>>> 39. What is a charcoal pen made of and how is it made? --Willow
    >>>> branches?
    >>>> 40. What type of paper would have a raised texture? Rough Paper
    >>>> 41. What Architect was copied for American colonial architecture?
    >>>> Georgian Style?
    >>>> 42. Properties of stoneware. Even heat distribution.
    >>>> super-durable, soakproof, cut resistant.
    >>>> 43. Monochrome printing- Seen as meditative art. Painting that
    >>>> explore the use of one color
    >>>> 44. Depression art- Works of art and programs, funded by the US
    >>>> Treasury Dept, created to help provide economic relief to the
    >>>> citizens.
    >>>> 45. What does the Buddha look like most of the time? Lotus position
    >>>> 46. Balk Can’t remember why I wrote this word or what it means.\]
    >>>> 47. Type of paper used in book of Kells? Parchment
    >>>> 48. What is another word for low relief? Bas
    >>>> 49. What goes Horizontal across a loom? Yarn
    >>>> 50. To mount a black and white photo? Think rice paper ph
    >>>> 51. What has the best resolution in a digital photo? Think 3x5 300
    >>>> pixels
    >>>> 52. Holy Trinity by Masaccio Three questions
    >>>> 53. Rubbing technique to get texture. Frottage
    >>>> 54. What artist was associated with the Pop art movement. Picked
    >>>> Roy Lictenstein first question
    >>>> 55. Which group of artist were Depression artist. (Artist in groups
    >>>> of three) Jacob Lawrence, Diego Rivera, Aaron Douglas, Alice Neel,
    >>>> Thomas Benton, Edward Hopper, Ben Shahn,
    >>>> 56. What is used to prime a canvas. picked Gesso
    >>>> 57. Jean Michel Basquiat is what kind of artist. Graffiti
    >>>> 58. The Hagia Sophia large space was from what? Picked ribbed
    >>>> vault
    >>>> 59. What is the different between a Doric and Corinthian columns
    >>>> Doric columns--they're thicker and shorter Corinthians column- have
    >>>> elaborate floral designs. Ionic columns-- are the tallest and
    >>>> thinnest of the three. They tend to have scrolls at the tops.
    >>>> 60. Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” shows signs of what Think
    >>>> African art. Cubism
    >>>> 61. What artist was known for painting pictures of woman working
    >>>> picked Mary Cassatt
    >>>> 62. A 2 dimensional art that has string, photos, and others is what
    >>>> – collage 63. Harlem Renaissance artist who photographed Harlem
    >>>> –picked Van der Zee
    >>>> 64. A large earth mound found on the Ohio river would be form what
    >>>> culture? Picked Mississippi
    >>>> 65. Pyramids found around Cancun would be whose? Picked Mayan
    >>>> 66. The difference between the elements of Design and the
    >>>> principals of design? Elements of Art describe the art is being
    >>>> presented: form, value, texture, line, shape, color, form.
    >>>> Principle of Art considers the impact of the work: movement, unity,
    >>>> variety, balance, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern.
    >>>> 67. AP on an art product means what? Artist Proof
    >>>> 68. Now the art terms: Emphasis Rhythm, Analogous colors,
    >>>> Intermediate colors, Linear perspective, Primary colors,
    >>>> Intermediate colors, Value, Balance, I would know all the terms
    >>>> from that Sanford website
    >>>> 69. Question on relief printing which one of the following
    >>>> statements is not true 70. Why was Byzantine art small? They were
    >>>> more interest in symbolic interpretation of the art instead of
    >>>> natural depiction.
    >>>> 71. which of the following were not true about the Hudson river
    >>>> school.? Manifest destiny was one of the guesses
    >>>> Artists
    >>>>>> o Brancusi – Mademoiselle Pagony
    >>>>>> o Duchamp – Nude Descending a staircase
    >>>>>> o Kathe Kollwitz
    >>>>>> o Henri Matisse – Dance 1
    >>>>>> o Picasso – Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon
    >>>>>> o Vassily Kandinsky
    >>>>>> o Ben Shahn
    >>>>>> o James Audobon
    >>>>>> o Vincent Van Gogh
    >>>>>> o Seurat
    >>>>>> o Impressionists – Mary Cassatt, Degas, Monet
    >>>>>> o Manet – The Fifer
    >>>>>> o James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    >>>>>> o Thomas Eakins – The Gross Clinic
    >>>>>> o Daumier – The Third Class Carriage
    >>>>>> o Rosa Bonheur – The Horse Fair
    >>>>>> o Eugene Delacroix – Liberty Leading the People
    >>>>>> o Jacques-Louis David – The Death of Marat
    >>>>>> o El Greco
    >>>>>> o Duccio
    >>>>>> o Nicolas Poussin
    >>>>>> o Massacio – The Holy Trinity
    >>>>>> o The limbourg Brothers –The October scene
    >>>>>> o Marc Chagall/De Chirico – What do theses two have in common?
    >>>>>> o Gentileschi – Judith Slaying Holofernes
    >>>>>> o Deigo Velaquez
    >>>>>> o Peter Paul Ruebens
    >>>>>> o Faith Ringgold
    >>>>>> o Romare Bearden
    >>>>>> o Fragonard
    >>>>>> o Anselm Keifer
    >>>>>> o Botticelli – The birth of Venus
    >>>>>> o Johannes Vermeer
    >>>>>> o Rembradt
    >>>>>> o Carravaggio
    >>>>>> o Robert Mapplethorpe
    >>>>>> o Roy Lichtenstein
    >>>>>> o Jackson Pollack/Kandinsky – What art historian/collector was
    >>>>>> responsible for their success?
    >>>>>> o Alexander Calder
    >>>>>> o Marcel Duchamp
    >>>>>> o Paula Becker
    >>>>>> o Jacob Lawrence
    >>>>>> o Aaron Douglas
    >>>>>> o Basquiat
    >>>>>> o Claesz – Still life of oyster and wine glass
    >>>>>> o Alberto Giocometti
    >>>>>> o Erich Lessing
    >>>>>> o Frans Hals
    >>>>>> o Jean Dubbuffet
    >>>>>> o Henry Ossawa Tanner
    >>>>>> o Jan Van Eyck
    >>>>>> o Titian
    >>>>>> o Albert Bierstadt
    >>>>>> o Thomas Cole
    >>>>>> o Henry Moore
    >>>>>> o Derain
    >>>>>> Other Art info
    >>>>>> o Ashcan school
    >>>>>> o Henrich Wolflin, Kenneth Clark, Panofsky, Clemet Greenburg,
    >>>>>> Durand Ruel
    >>>>>> o Book of Kells
    >>>>>> o The Crystal Palace – What was this made out of?
    >>>>>> o What city had the first skyscraper?
    >>>>>> o The Garden Scene – Where was this painted?
    >>>>>> o Futurist art?
    >>>>>> o Mannerism?
    >>>>>> o Regionalism?
    >>>>>> o Tenebrism?
    >>>>>> o The Harlem Renaissance?
    >>>>>> o “Less is more” – Who said it?
    >>>>>> o Eiffel Tower and Statue of liberty (why were they created,
    >>>>>> what do they have in common?)
    >>>>>> o Kouros/Kore
    >>>>>> o The terracotta soldiers
    >>>>>> o Who else (other group of artists) were the abstract
    >>>>>> expressionists associated with?
    >>>>>> o Women artist of the 19th century - what were they restricted
    >>>>>> from?
    >>>>>> o Chartes Cathedral, Gothic Cathedrals, and Romanesque
    >>>>>> Cathedrals – Know what is on them: flying buttresses, stained glass
    >>>>>> windows, etc.
    >>>>>> o How does Rococo differ from Baroque?
    >>>>>> o How does Islam art differ from European art?
    >>>>>> o Counter Reformation Paintings
    >>>>>> o Another name for a Buddhist temple
    >>>>>> o Salon des Refuses
    >>>>>> o Armory Show
    >>>>>> o Daquerreotype
    >>>>>> o Saint Serin
    >>>> On 9/24/08, flare wrote:
    >>>>> Beth,
    >>>>> GO to,
    >>>>> this link brings you to a scillion posts that have everything
    >>>>> anyone remembered from the Praxis multiple choice. I took the
    >>>>> test on 9/13/08 and There were 15 questions (out of 120) that I
    >>>>> had to go back to. For the majority I knew the answer before even
    >>>>> looking at the choices because of these website postings.
    >>>>> You won't like how I studied, but it works. I made over 200 note
    >>>>> cards of everything anyone said was on a test. Then I looked up
    >>>>> every answer. Not all listed are accurate!!! I also read the
    >>>>> Annotated Mona Lisa and made notes on the entire thing. There
    >>>>> were also some lists of tools that I went over in the Art
    >>>>> Teacher's Book of Lists. I studied on and off for over 3 months
    >>>>> and the last 3 weeks I studied at least an hour a night. The
    >>>>> friday before I did not look at one thing art related. :)
    >>>>> I too have not taken a test since I graduated college in 1995!!
    >>>>> So, I was very nervous. If I passed I did because of this site. I
    >>>>> will find out next month after 10/15. I feel very confident and
    >>>>> would not change how I studied at all. Good luck!