Grade: 3-5
Subject: 4 Blocks

#1251. listening-reading transfer part 3 inferences

4 Blocks, level: Elementary
Posted Sun Aug 15 21:46:40 PDT 1999 by deb ().
Coloma Elementary, South Haven, MI
Concepts Taught: Another wonderful outstanding Pat Cunningham example

> > "Transferring comprehension from listening to reading" is an excellent
> > article written by Patricia Cunningham
> > The Reading Teacher volume 29 date 1975 pages 169-172

Patricia Cunningham gives this example for a lesson. The mistakes are mine.
The ideas are hers! :)
"Like main ideas, inferences are very difficult for many elementary school
children. Those who are not as able to to make inferences are often helped by
listening to others explain on what evidence they based their inferences.

1. Set the purpose for listening: "On the board, I have listed five possible
outcomes for the story I will read to you. As I read, try to think how the
story might come out. I will stop and we will choose one of these outcomes,
then I will finish the story and see if we were right."

2. Read the story, stop and ask children to predict which will be the real
outcome. have children support their predictions with actual events from the

3. Finish the story.

4. Give the students part of a story to read and a sheet with five possible
outcomes. Remind them that they will the same thing in reading as they did in

5. Students read the passage and choose the most likely outcome.

6. Give the students the rest of the story to read; they explain which events
in the story led them to choose a particular outcome.

:) Enjoy these as much as I did. Once again, the ideas are Cunningham's, the
mistakes are mine. deb