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Mathematics |

Posted Thu Apr 27 15:07:41 PDT 2000 by Amanda Chuba (rmtg@grove.iup.edu).

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Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA USA

Activity Time: 60 minutes

Concepts Taught: Students will be able to revognize 5 basic shapes

Rationale:This is one of the first lessons the children will learn on shapes. This lesson focuses on five basic geometric shapes. The lesson will focus on the names for the shapes, as well as each of their characteristics that makes them that shape. The knowledge acquired in this lesson will give the children knowledge of other shapes as well as other defining characteristics. The students have not

discussed shapes in our preschool class, but may have background knowledge from their home life in this area of study.Objectives:

Following instruction on the five basic shapes, the preschool students will be able to recognize and name each shape with 100 percent accuracy.

More Specifically, the learners will be able to:

draw each shape to the best of their ability

name at least one defining characteristic of each shape

complete a worksheet on the lessonLesson Materials:

Each child will receive these shapes made out of colored construction paper:

- 1 yellow circle

- 1 blue square

- 1 red triangle

- 1 green rectangle

- 1 purple star

1 box of round Ritz crackers

1 box of square Saltines

1 bag of Tostitos Nacho Chops

1 bag of Chocolate Wafer Cookies

1 bag of star shaped marshmallows

1 large yellow circle made out of colored construction paper

1 large blue square made out of colored construction paper

1 large red triangle made out of colored construction paper

1 large green rectangle made out of colored construction paper

1 large purple star made out of colored construction paperLesson Activities:

1. First, I will ask the students if they know any names of shapes. I will also

inquire about where they see different shapes around their homes or outside. I

will also give examples of my own. (Examples: lights on a traffic light,

television sets, buildings, etc.) 5 minutes2. I will then say to the class the following: "Today we will be learning about 5

basic shapes- circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and stars. We see these

different shapes everyday, and it is very important for us to recognize these

shapes. We will be counting the sides and corners of each shape. By doing

this, we will be able to identify the shape name." 3 minutes3. "First, we will learn about circles. Circles are round. Can anyone give me an

example of a circle object in your house? What about in our classroom?

Circles do not have straight edges or corners. (I will then hang the large yellow

circle on the chalkboard) Next we will learn about squares. There are many

squares in our everyday life. Can anyone think of an object that has a square

shape? Squares have four straight sides that are all the same length, or size. (I

will put up the blue square on the chalkboard. Pointing to the shape, I will

explain:) Two sides meet to form corners. There are four corners in every

square. We are in a squared room right now. There are four corners in this

room. Next, we will learn about rectangles. Rectangles are almost like

squares, but their sides are not all the same size. (I will put the green rectangle

on the chalkboard) Next, we will learn about triangles. Triangles have three

sides. (I will hang the red triangle on the board, point to this shape, and say:)

Two sides of a triangle come together to form corners also. How many corners

does a triangle have? Can anyone think of some triangles we see in everyday

life? Finally we will learn about stars. (I will put the purple star on the

board) Stars are made up of small triangles. A star has five corners, and 10

sides. I will then pass out one of each kind of food shape to each child to show

the differences between the 5 basic shapes. 20 minutes4. When I finish my short discussion on shapes, I will then ask the class if they

have any questions. I will answer and explain any questions or confusion, and

then do a short activity with the class. Each child should have been given three

small, laminated shapes of a yellow circle, blue square, red triangle, green

rectangle, and purple star made of colored construction paper. I will then say

the following: "Class, I am going to ask you questions about the shapes

we learned about today. When you know what shape I am describing, please

hold your shape up high in the air.

- Which shape has three corners?

- Which shape is round?

- Which shape has four sides that are all the same?

- Which shape is made of small triangles?

- Which shape has no straight edges?

- Which shape has five corners?

- Which shape has four sides that look different?

- Which shape has three sides and three corners?

The students may then eat their "shapes" that they were given previously. 7

minutes5. A short and simple ditto will be handed out to the students. Each student

will individually finish and show the teacher the ditto when completed. 15 minutes6. Finally, I will review the shapes one last time by holding up the larger

shapes to the entire class and have them answer as a group what shape it is that

I am holding up for them to see. 10 minutes

Evaluation:1. Each learner will return a completed work sheet with the drawings of their shapes.

Analysis of the Audience

Demographic Characteristics:

There are fourteen students in the class. Seven of the students are girls and

seven of the students are boys. The ages of the class range from age four to

age five. All of the students live within walking or riding distance of the

school. One member of the class travels from an outside area due to the job his

parents have nearby. This preschool is one of the top-rated in the city, which

outstanding teachers and NAEYC Accredidation.The town in which the students live is an area set in a suburban neighborhood

in Western Pennsylvania. The students come from upper class families thus

they all have been very well educated at home by their parents, who both work

outside of the home. The majority of the students were born and raised in this

area. Three of the students moved to the area recently, due to better job

opportunities for their parents.Topic-Specific Characteristics:

As stated earlier, the class is composed of three and four year old children.

Each of these children are in their second year here at this preschool, and have

had the same amount of instruction and learning at school, but different

amounts at home. Each child is above average when it comes to their

academic abilities. Whether or not they know it, the students have all been

learning about shapes their whole lives. They are very well motivated to learn

any particular lesson.Coming from an upper-class family that takes academics very seriously, these

children are all being pushed to their limits. The kindergarten enterance exam

will be taken at the end of this pre-school year, and each parent wants his/her

child in the local school next year in the kindergarten class.Being pushed to learn has had a diverse effect on these three and four year old

students. At this early age, these students are giving their best to their studies

as well as trying to live the life of a normal preschool-age child.Lesson Notes

Worksheet:

Name: ______________________

Draw a Cirlce:

Draw a Star:

Draw a Triangle:

Draw a Rectangle:

Draw a Square:

References* I came up with this lesson on my own, but I did have a little help from the

following useful

webpages:

Teacher Stuff (this is where you will also find my lesson plan)

The Lesson Plans Page

Marc's Lesson Plans

Lesson Planz

Lesson Sto