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Language
Grade: Senior
Subject: Language

#2624. galaxy

Language, level: Senior
Posted Tue Jul 2 00:22:43 PDT 2002 by Ms. Roem (roem_003@hotmail.com).
teacher, Surakarta, Indonesia
Materials Required: books, tape recorder, cassette, and picture of galaxies
Activity Time: 120 minutes
Concepts Taught: fun and communicative approach

Lesson : English
Theme : Astronomy
Sub Theme : Galaxy
Year/Programme : 1999/-
Quarter : 1st
Time Allotment : 120 minutes

1. General Instructional Objective :
By mastering new vocabularies ( app. 500 of 1500 words ) and grammar which are in accordance with the certain themes and sub themes, the students are able to get the 4 skills of language ( listening, speaking, reading, and writing ).

2. Specific Instructional Objectives :
a. Listening
- Finding the main idea of short conversation
- Finding detailed information of short and simple conversation
- Finding certain information of short conversation
b. Speaking
- Asking and answering/replying question(s) over the theme ( astronomy )
- Having short conversation fluently
- Explaining matters, person(s), places, and chronological events in simple explanation
- Speaking mind(s), thought(s), opinion(s) in asimple speech/explanation
c. Reading
- Finding certain information
- Getting general view of the text(s)
- Finding explicit and implicit main idea
- Getting the whole information ( explicit and implicit )
- Interpreting words, phrases, and sentences in accordance with the contexts
d. Writing
- Compiling sentences ( max. 10 sentences ) which are given at random into a paragraph
- Completing short and simple conversation in writing
- Making short descriptive and narrative paragraph ( max. 10 sentences) over simple topics
- Answering comprehention test in writing
- Making memorandum
- Replying simple letter
3. Teaching Materials
- Books ( for reading and tasks ), like School Textbook and Student Assignment Book
- Books ( for grammar )
- Notes from teacher
- Recorded conversation
- Vocabularies list
4. Teaching-Learning Processes
1. Approach, method, and techniques
- Approach
We'll use communicative approaches. Here are some principles that may be inferred :
a. activities that involve real communication ( not real situation, it's impossible to get real situation of galaxy in classroom ) promote learning
b. activities in which language is used for carrying out meaningful tasks promote learning
c. language that is meaningful to the learner promotes learning
- Method
Following the approach above, we'll use the Communicative Language Teaching Method
- Techniques
Commmunicative Language Teaching uses almost any activity that engages learners in authentic communication.


2. Teaching Activities
Here are two major activities types in Communicative Language Teaching :
a. functional communication activities : ones aimed at developing certain language skills and fuction, but which involve communication
b. social interaction activities, such as conversation and discussion sessions, dialogues and role plays
3. Learning Tasks
a. Individual
Following the specific objectives, the individual tasks are :
a. Listening
- Finding the main idea of short conversation
- Finding detailed information of short and simple conversation
- Finding certain information of short conversation
b. Speaking
- Asking and answering/replying question(s) over the theme (astronomy)
- Explaining matters, person(s), places, and chronological events
- Speaking mind(s), thought(s), opinion(s)
c. Reading
- Finding certain information
- Getting general view of the text(s)
- Finding explicit and implicit main idea
- Getting the whole information (explicit and implicit)
- Interpreting words, phrases, and sentences in accordance with the contexts
d. Writing
- Compiling sentences (max. 10 sentences) which are given at random into a paragraph
Completing short and simple conversation
- Making short descriptive and narrative paragraph (max. 10 sentences)
- Answering comprehention test
- Making memorandum
- Replying simple letter
b. Group
- Making an article
(making an article then talk it over)
- Discussion
4. Media and Sources
- Tape recorder
- Cassette
- Text about galaxy -- source, from textbook and student assignmentbook
- Picture about galaxy -- source, from textbook
5. Evaluation
- Daily exercises
- Formative test of the 1st quarter