The Beauty of Beethoven
Aesthetic Response Lesson Plan
Grade Level 9-12
After reading excerpts from the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, students will analyze and interpret aesthetic beauty. They will apply their knowledge by identifying, analyzing and interpreting beauty in excerpts from Beethoven's Fifth symphony.
Analyze and interpret a philosophical position identified in works in the arts.
Indicator of Achievement
Analyze and interpret beauty based on philosophical excerpts from Plato
Identify, analyze and interpret beauty in excerpts from Beethoven's Fifth Symphony
Plato, Philebus, sections 25c-26a, Republic, sections 401b-401e, Symposium, sections, 188a, 197c-197d
Available at: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu
Simple Analysis of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 (If possible have students use classroom computers, if unavailable prints score excerpts and record music.)
Available at: http://www.phoenix.liu.edu/~jmeschi/Flash/b5/b5.htm
After reading the philosophical excerpts students should discuss questions from the teaching guide. Once the questions have been explored have students analyze score excerpts while playing music of Beethoven. After each excerpt have students interpret the music in terms of aesthetic beauty.
Have students answer questions and interpret the musical examples from the Teaching Guide orally or by written exam.
Ancient Greek Philosophical Studies
1. What is beauty according to Plato? (Philebus, sections 25c-26a)
Beauty is the result of a unity of opposites in a proportionate and harmonious way. Symmetry is the result of the ratio 1:1, and is the most popular ratio used in the arts although not the only one. The aesthetic interpretation of beauty in musical works requires the identification of musical opposites ( i.e. loud-soft, major-minor, slow-fast, legato-staccato).
2. What is the relationship between beauty and love? ( Symposium, sections 188a, 197c, 210e)
Love is the force that brings the opposites together in order to create beauty. The study of beauty consists of studying love as beauty and love are counterparts. Love consists of beauty and goodness, and is the cause of beauty and goodness in others.
3. What effect does beauty have? (Republic, sections 401b-401e)
Beauty influences character by making individuals good and friendly while imparting grace, refining taste, and facilitating clear thinking. This influence occurs subconsciously over time.
What is the relationship between beauty and ethics?
How does beauty contribute to civilization?
Have students listen to the excerpts form Beethoven's 5th symphony while following score. After each example have students analyze the musical phrases and identify the combinations of musical opposites listed below:
Example 1: Short and long note duration
Example 2: Gradual change from sparse to dense texture
Example 3: Loud and soft dynamics, horns and violin sections
Example 5: Strings and woodwind sections, low and high register
Example 6: Legato and staccato articulation
Example 7: Odd time signature in relation to First Movement using even , legato and staccato articulation, loud beginning and soft ending of phrase
Example 8: Smooth rhythm and jerky dotted note rhythm
Example 9: Melodic contour goes up and down
Example 10: Short and long note duration, legato and staccato articulation
Example 11: Short and longer note duration creating the sensation of fast and slow movement
Example 12: Relatively longer note duration and shorter staccato notes
Example 14: Loud and soft dynamics, legato and staccato articulation , ascending and descending melodic contour
Example 15: Loud accented note of longer duration and softer notes of shorter duration