Grade: other
Subject: Special Ed

#3341. Speech--Discriminating and producing velar sounds

Special Ed, level: other
Posted Thu Jan 27 09:04:50 PST 2005 by Jessica Porter (
Hagood Elementary School--Speech, Pickens, SC
Materials Required: Minimal Contrast Story
Activity Time: 20-30 minutes
Concepts Taught: Discrimination of velar from frontal sounds

The objective of this lesson is to provide young listeners auditory bombardment and discrimination between the target k/g velar sounds from their error components t/d, which are fronted. To begin, the therapist reviews what velar sounds a.k.a "sounds in the back of our mouth" sound like. A visual cue can also be incorporated by having the therapist point to her throat as she makes her k/g sounds. The therapist then asks the child to "Play teacher" and tell her if she is making her sound correctly or not. Minimal pair words are used to illustrate this concept. The child raises a smiley face piece of paper when the sound is made correctly and a sad face if the sound is made incorrectly. For more advanced students, you may also have them correct you with their good speech sound. Have several trials of these word pairs prepared for additional practice. Following this exercise, have the child follow along while you read a Minimal Contrast story, highlighting error and target sounds. A good source of these stories is provided by Super Duper Incorporated and is entitiled "Read alound Minimal Contrast stories." Have the child identify the error phonemes, once again. Once the story is complete, if your child is at the production level, practice some of the target sounds in words, phrases or sentences, depending on the child's goal. If a child is having difficulty producing a velar, have them tilt their head back slightly, positioning the tongue at the posterior position of the mouth, and try again. (This way, gravity is working to your advantage). At the conclusion of the lesson, review production of the velar sounds.