Title: The story within the story.
Purpose: To teach the concept of a frame story and bolster understanding of plot summary.
1st -- Provide each student with a copy of the Mark Twain short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County."
2nd -- Have the story on tape, read aloud to the students, or have them read it silently. (This story has advanced vocabulary)
3rd -- Explain the concept of a frame story. It is much like telling about an excellent party attended last weekend, but interrupting that story to tell about the awesome vacation a friend described while at the party.
4th -- Have the students write the plot summary of the outside story around the outside of edge of the frog -- this is the frame story.
5th -- Have the students write the plot summary of the inside story inside in the frog's belly -- this is the primary story.
6th -- Have the students edit their writing with each other before coloring the frogs for display and sharing.
Materials: Copies of the short story 'The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" by Mark Twain and outlines of a frog (spread eagle).
Objectives / SC 8th Grade Standards:
Demonstrate the ability to read a variety of texts fluently.
Demonstrate the ability read independently for extended periods of time to derive pleasure and to gain information.
Demonstrate the ability to summarize, paraphrase, analyze, and evaluate what he or she reads.
Demonstrate the ability to use graphic representations such as charts, graphs, pictures, and graphic organizers as information sources and as a means of organizing information and events logically.
Demonstrate the ability to write and publish in a variety of formats.
Demonstrate the ability to use writing to explain and inform.
Demonstrate the ability to use writing to learn, entertain, and describe.
Demonstrate the ability to respond to texts both orally and in writing.
Demonstrate the ability to write legibly using print or cursive handwriting.
Evaluation: Students should share their plot summaries as they are written.