Subject: Mathematics

#4481. Learning and Understanding Shapes

Mathematics, level: Kindergarten
Posted Wed Dec 8 21:40:59 PST 2010 by Alicia Phillips (Alicia Phillips).
Wayne State University Student, Detroit, USA
Materials Required: Shapes Template
Activity Time: 20 minutes
Concepts Taught: Shapes

Grade Level: Kindergarten
Subject: Mathematics
Lesson Title: Learning and Understanding Shapes
Source: Spoke with a teacher who provided me with the idea to teach shapes.
Materials: Paper, crayons/markers, cut out shapes, glue.
Rationale: Students need to be able to construct shapes and designs. They should also be able to identify shapes in their environment.
Standard(s): Nebraska State Standards
- 1.4.2 By the end of first grade, students will identify, describe, and create circles, squares, triangles, and rectangles.
- 1.6.1 By the end of first grade, students will identify, describe, extend, and create patterns (objects, sounds, movements, shapes, numbers, and colors).
- 1.6.2 By the end of first grade, students will sort and classify objects according to one or more attributes (size, shape, color, and thickness).
- 1.6.3 By the end of first grade, students will identify and describe patterns in their environment.
- With the use of crayons and markers, students will be able to draw a picture using a wide variety of shapes in the given amount of time given. Knowledge
- With the help from the teacher, students will be able to identify the shapes in the picture they drew with 80% accuracy. Application

Bold -- Condition
Underlined- Audience
Italics- Behavior
Larger font- Degree
Vocabulary: Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Circle, Heart, Octagon, Star, Diamond.
Essential/Engaging Questions: What shapes do you see in your picture?
What does each shape (circle, triangle, rectangle, square, heart, octagon, star, diamond) look like?
• Have children cut out one of each of the four shapes. Have them tape them to their desk to help guide them when drawing their picture.
• Instructional Input
• Discovery: allowing students to discover different shapes on their own and incorporate those shapes into their picture.
• Cooperative Learning: Students will be able to work together and help each other come up with ways they can use shapes to make their pictures.
• Teaching of vocabulary: Teacher will hold up pictures of each of the four shapes and show them to the students. They will discuss each of the shapes and come up with a way to remember the difference between and square and a rectangle.
• Incorporating questioning: Encourage students to come up with ideas on how to figure out the difference between each of the shapes.
• Modeling: Show students a picture you drew using the shapes that were introduced in class. Also introduce the shape song.
• Checking for Understanding: See that students are using shapes to create parts designs in their pictures.
• Closure: Walk around the room and look at each student's picture. Ask them to tell you the different shapes they drew in their picture.

- Formative: See that students are able to identify the shapes in their pictures.
Differentiation of Instruction:
- Process: All students will draw different pictures from those around them, so encouraging each child to do their own work is important. Each child learns different from another, so some pictures might be elaborate, where others might just have a few shapes on it and that be it. Work with all students no matter what their level might be at.